Anti-Piracy Lawyer Wins ‘Distinctive’ YTS Trademark Case In opposition to Pirate Web sites & Apps * TorrentFreak

YTS logoTwo years prior to now, Hawaiian anti-piracy lawyer Kerry Culpepper turned a couple of of the most well liked piracy producers into a powerful anti-piracy software program.

The authorized skilled, who’s listed as director of the company ’42 Ventures,’ registered plenty of piracy-related emblems, along with ‘YTS’ and ‘Popcorn Time.’

The company, which was primarily based a yr earlier, legally claimed these marks and makes use of them on an web web site that doesn’t draw any vital web site guests. What did get people’s consideration, nonetheless, had been the enforcement actions that adopted.

YTS Trademark Enforcement

Shortly after the emblems had been granted, Culpepper managed to droop the Twitter account of a popular Popcorn Time fork. He offered to return it in commerce for a Popcorn Time licensing deal, which failed.

In addition to, the authorized skilled moreover filed a YTS trademark infringement lawsuit on behalf of 42 Ventures. The criticism, filed at a Hawaii federal courtroom, centered the operators of,,,, and, plus apps much like “Y Movement footage,” “YTS Movement footage Library” and “YTS movies.”

The parents behind these web sites, who’re believed to be from India, China and Egypt, used the YTS mannequin as a promotional software program. This isn’t uncommon, as YTS has been a popular pirate mannequin for years. After initially belonging to a long-defunct launch group, others now use it to lure in pirates.

Case Dismissed

As a result of the lawsuit progressed, plenty of defendants chosen to settle the matter under undisclosed phrases. Three others didn’t reply totally, nonetheless, which prompted 42 Ventures to request $250,000 default judgments in the direction of all the remaining defendants.

This didn’t go as simply as a result of the trademark proprietor would have hoped. Whereas there was little doubt that the YTS web sites and apps used the trademark with out permission, the Hawaiian federal courtroom concluded that it didn’t have jurisdiction over the worldwide defendants.

In an order issued virtually two years prior to now, Select Watson wrote that the defendants’ connections with US-based suppliers along with Cloudflare, Amazon, and Namecheap, don’t present that the placement and app operators subjected themselves to US jurisdiction. As such, the case was dismissed.

Attraction and Do-over

Lawyer Kerry Culpepper didn’t stop. On behalf of 42 Ventures, he appealed the District Courtroom’s alternative and obtained. The Ninth Circuit courtroom granted him the selection to amend the distinctive criticism to take care of the jurisdiction’s shortcomings.

In accordance with the appeals courtroom, jurisdiction is perhaps invoked if the defendants deliberately use US-based servers to boost speeds for US visitors.

“[D]liberally deciding on servers within the USA to permit faster service to US-based prospects would possibly level out purposeful course to the USA,” the Ninth Circuit Courtroom wrote.

Earlier this yr, the case went once more to the Hawaii District Courtroom the place an amended criticism was filed. The courtroom regarded on the issue as soon as extra and, only a few days prior to now, this was in a clear win for 42 Ventures.

Abroad Defendants Could be Sued

The order, launched by Hawaii District Courtroom Select Derrick Watson, adopts the report and proposals issued by magistrate Select Wes Porter ultimate month and concludes the courtroom has jurisdiction.

After reviewing the entire arguments, which moreover cite a contemporary appeals courtroom jurisdiction alternative inside the case in the direction of the Pakistani proprietor of the defunct torrent website online MKVCage, the courtroom agrees that default judgments is perhaps issued in the direction of the three defendants.

“Based on Plaintiff’s allegations that the Defendants have chosen to host their infringing web pages and apps on servers located within the USA, and these web pages and apps use or present Plaintiff’s YTS mark in reference to Defendants’ objects and suppliers, the Courtroom finds Plaintiff has alleged Defendants’ tortious actions occurred within the USA.

“That’s underscored by the allegations that the Defendants moreover distribute pirated copies of motion photographs with file names that embody Plaintiff’s mark to folks within the USA,” magistrate Select Wes Porter offers.

Together with exhibiting that the actions occurred within the USA, 42 Ventures moreover confirmed that this wasn’t a mere coincidence. The defendants notably used US-based suppliers to boost velocity and accessibility, the company asaid.

3X $250,000 YTS Trademark Infringement Damages

As compensation for its alleged losses, 42 Ventures requested $250,000 from defendant Mav, and $2 million from Shan and Azzan. Ruling on this request, the courtroom agrees {{that a}} vital statutory damages award is suitable.

After weighing the professionals and cons, magistrate Select Wes Porter decided {{that a}} $250,000 trademark infringement damages award in the direction of each defendant is suitable proper right here. That brings complete damages to $750,000.

In addition to, Select Porter moreover accepted a eternal injunction that prohibits defendants Shan and Azzan from using the YTS trademark going forward. An injunction in the direction of defendant Mav simply is not needed, as he has already shut down the YTS.MS website online beforehand.


The entire magistrate’s recommendations (pdf) had been taken over by District Courtroom Select Derrick Watson late ultimate week. That order is obtainable proper right here (pdf)

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